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MTI翻硕:人生不如意事,第15届韩素音翻译大赛
文章来源:高斋CATTI 发布时间:2020-10-17 11:51 作者:admin 点击:

今天在公众号“高斋翻硕”给大家分享第15届韩素音翻译大赛汉译英原文和官方参考译文,以及大概的单词解析。

原文

朋友买来纸笔砚台,请我题几个字挂在新居客厅墙壁上。我便在朋友面前展纸、磨墨,写了四个字:“常想一二”。朋友说:“这是什么意思?”我说:“俗话说‘人生不如意事十常八九’,但扣除八九成的不如意,至少还有一二成是如意的、快乐的、欣慰的事情,我们如果要过快乐人生,就要常想那一二成好事,这样就会感到庆幸、懂得珍惜,不致被八九成的不如意所打倒了。”朋友听了,非常欢喜,抱着“常想一二”回家了。

官方参考译文

A friend of mine brought over newly purchased set of paper, brush, ink-stick andink-slab, and asked me to write something for the wall in the sitting room of this new house. I unfolded the paper, ground the ink-stick on the slab, and wrote out the words: "Dwell on one or two.""What does this mean?" asked my friend. "You know the popular saying," I replied, "'Life means frustration eight or nine times out of ten'.Deducting the eighty or ninety per cent of frustration, you still have ten or twenty percent of success, happiness or gratification. If you want to enjoy life, you shouldfocus on the one or two times you are happy, be thankful and cherish them. Then you'll never be overwhelmed by the eight or nine times when you are unhappy. " Happily my friend left, carrying the scroll in his arm.

单词解析

第一句:朋友买来纸笔砚台,请我题几个字挂在新居客厅墙壁上。

A friend of mine brought over a newly purchased set of paper, brush, ink-stick and ink-slab, and asked me to write something for the wall in the sitting room of this new house.

1. A set of 一套,一副,一组,如牛津词典例句:

I bought a set of the new stamps on the date of issue.

我在新邮票发行的当天就买了一套。

2. Brush [brʌʃ] 毛笔;画笔;刷子;争吵;冲突,如柯林斯词典例句:

The painter's right hand holds the brush, the left the palette.

那位画家的右手握着画笔,左手拿着调色盘。

3. Ink-stick [ɪŋk stɪk] 墨,墨锭。

4. Ink-slab [ɪŋk slæb] 砚台。

第二、三句:我便在朋友面前展纸、磨墨,写了四个字:“常想一二”。朋友说:“这是什么意思?”

I unfolded the paper, ground the ink-stick on the slab, and wrote out the words: "Dwell on one or two.""What does this mean?" asked my friend.

1. Unfold [ʌnˈfoʊld](使)展开;打开;(使)逐渐展现;展示;透露,文中unfolded是其过去式。如柯林斯词典例句:

He quickly unfolded the blankets and spread them on the mattress.

他迅速展开毯子,铺在床垫上。

2. Grind [ɡraɪnd] 研磨;磨碎;碾碎;把…磨成粉,文中的ground是其过去式。如柯林斯词典例句:

Store the peppercorns in an airtight container and grind the pepper as you need it.

将胡椒粒储存在密封容器中,在需要的时候磨成粉。

3. Write out 写;书写;写字;开具(支票、收据、处方等);写出(篇幅较长的报告或清单);使(系列剧中的人物)不再出场,文中wrote out是其过去式。如柯林斯词典例句:

We had to write out a list of ten jobs we'd like to do.

我们得列个单子,写出我们想做的10项工作。

4. Dwell [dwel] 细想某事;居住;存在于。

5. Dwell on老是想着,唠叨;细看;凝视,如中国日报网例句:

Instead of allowing yourself to dwell on things you did not do well, focus on the moments where you were happy and content.

不要让自己对那些你没有做好的事情念念不忘,关注于你曾快乐、满足的时候。

第四、五句:我说:“俗话说‘人生不如意事十常八九’,但扣除八九成的不如意,至少还有一二成是如意的、快乐的、欣慰的事情,我们如果要过快乐人生,就要常想那一二成好事,这样就会感到庆幸、懂得珍惜,不致被八九成的不如意所打倒了。”朋友听了,非常欢喜,抱着“常想一二”回家了。

"You know the popular saying," I replied, "'Life means frustration eight or nine times out of ten'. Deducting the eighty or ninety per cent of frustration, you still have ten or twenty percent of success, happiness or gratification. If you want to enjoy life, you should focus on the one or two times you are happy, be thankful and cherish them. Then you'll never be overwhelmed by the eight or nine times when you are unhappy. " Happily my friend left, carrying the scroll in his arm.

1. Frustration [frʌˈstreɪʃn] 受挫;挫败;受阻;阻止;懊恼;令人懊丧的事物,如柯林斯词典例句:

Frustration, anger and desperation have led to a series of wildcat strikes.

挫败感、愤怒和绝望引起了一系列自发性的罢工。

2. Deduct [dɪˈdʌkt] 扣除;减去;扣分,文中deducting是其现在分词形式。如经济学人例句:

In America, Ireland and Spain, homeowners can deduct mortgage-interest payments from taxable income.

在美国、爱尔兰和西班牙,房主可将所支付的抵押借款利息从其须纳税的收入中扣除。

3. Gratification [ˌɡrætɪfɪˈkeɪʃn] 满足;满意;快感;令人喜悦的事物,如金融时报例句:

For too long we have forsaken long-term gains for short-term gratification with the result we all know.

太久以来,我们一直为了短期的满足而放弃长期利益,其结果众所周知。

4. Cherish [ˈtʃerɪʃ] 珍爱;珍惜;维护,捍卫(权利、特权或原则);怀有,抱有(希望);怀念(过去),如柯林斯词典例句:

These people cherish their independence and sovereignty.

这些人民珍视他们的独立和主权。

5. Be overwhelmed by被...击败;被...淹没;受不起,如金融时报例句:

As the meltdown in Iceland last autumn showed, an economy can be overwhelmed by its banking system.

去年秋季冰岛的崩溃就已表明,一国经济可能被自身的银行体系压垮。

6. Scroll [skroʊl](供书写的)长卷纸,卷轴;(石刻或木雕的)涡卷形装饰。

今天就分享这么多啦!

完整版译文链接:

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