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专四真题:2013年英语专业四级考试真题-完整版
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专四真题:2013年英语专业四级考试真题-完整版

听力部分

What is a dream for?

One theory is that we dream to release the deep, secret desires. We do not express these desires in real life because of the rules of polite society. Another theory is that dreams allow us to solve problems that we can't solve in real life. We go to sleep with a problem and wake up with the solution. This may be a way to use our dreams rather than a purpose of dreaming. If you believe that your dreams are important, then analyzing them may help you to focus on the problem and help you to find the solution. The modern image is that dreams are the brain's way of cleaning up the computer’s hard disk. Dreams organize the events of the day into folders and delete what is not needed. But we all know that very little of what we dream is concerned with what happened to us that day.

语法部分

51. Facing the board of directors, he didn’t deny __________ breaking the agreement.

A. him    B. it    C. his    D. its

52. Xinchun returned from abroad a different man. The italicized part functions as a (n) _______.

A. appositive (同位语) B. object C. adverbial D. complement.

53. Which of the following is a compound word (复合词)?

A. Nonsmoker   B. Deadline  C. Meanness    D. Misfit

54. Which of the following sentences contains subjunctive mood?

A. Lucy insisted that her son get home before 5 o'clock.

B. She used to drive to work, but now she takes the city metro.

C. Walk straight ahead, and don't turn till the second traffic lights.

D. Paul will cancel his flight if he cannot get his visa by Friday.

55. The following determiners(限定词) can be used with both plural and uncountable nouns EXCEPT __________.

A. more    B. enough    C. many    D. such

56. Which of the italicized parts indicates CONTRAST?

A. She opened the door and quietly went in.

B. Victoria likes music and Sam is fond of sports.

C. Think it over again and you'll get an answer.

D. He is somewhat arrogant, and I don't like this.

57. Which of the following CANNOT be used as a nominal substitute(名词替代词)?

  A. Much    B. Neither    C. One    D. Quarter

58. All the following sentences definitely indicate future time EXCEPT __.

A. Mother is to have tea with Aunt Betty at four.

B. The President is coming to the UN next week,

C. The school pupils will be home by now.

D. He is going to email me the necessary information.

59. Which of the following sentences is grammatically INCORRECT?

A. Politics are the art or science of government.

B. Ten miles seems like a long walk to me.

C. Mumps is a kind of infectious disease.

D. All the furniture has arrived undamaged.

60. Which of in the following phrases indicates a subject-predicate relationship?

A. The arrival of the tourists    B. The law of Newton

C. The occupation of the island    D. The plays of Oscar Wilde

61. Which of the following italicized parts serves as an appositive?

A. He is not the man to draw back.

B. Tony hit back the urge to tell a lie.

C. Larry has a large family to support.

D. There is really nothing to fear.

62. Which of the following is NOT an imperative sentence?

A. Let me drive you home, shall I?  

B. You will mind your own business.

C. Come and have dinner with us.   

D. I wish you could stay behind.

63. If it _______ tomorrow, the match would be put off.

A. were to rain B. was to rain C. was raining D. had rained

64. Which of the following sentences expresses a fact?

A. Mary and her son must be home by now.

B. Careless reading must give poor results.

C. It’s getting late, and I must leave now.

D. He must be working late at the office.

65. The following are all dynamic verbs(动态动词) EXCEPT __________.

A. remain    B. turn    C. write    D. knock

【2013年英语专四真题及答案解析--词汇部分】

66. __________ to school life was less difficult than the pupil had expected.

  A. Adhering   B. Adopting   C. Adjusting    D. Acquainting

67. He is fed up with the same old dreary routine, and wants to quit his job. The underlined part means __________.

  A. dull     B. boring     C. long     D. hard

68. At last night’s party Larry said something that I though was beyond me. The underlined part means __________.

A. I was unable to do     B. I couldn’t understand

C. I was unable to stop    D. I couldn’t tolerate

69. The couple __________their old house and sold it for a vast profit.

  A. did for     B. did in     C. did with     D. did up 

70. Sally contributed a lot to the project, but she never once accepted all the __________ for herself.

  A. credit     B. attention     C. focus     D. award

71. The child nodded, apparently content with his mother’s promise. The underlined part means __________.

  A. as far as one has learnt    B. as far as one is concerned

  C. as far as one can see     D. as far as one is told

72. The __________ that sport builds character is well accepted by people nowadays.

  A. issue     B. argument     C. point     D. sentence

73. Everyone in the office knows that Melinda takes infinite care over her work. The underlined part means __________.

  A. limited     B. unnecessary  C. overdue     D. much

74. The new measure will reduce the chance of serious injury in the event of an accident. The underlined part means __________.

  A. if an accident happens    B. if an accident can be prevented

  C. before an accident      D. during an accident

75. Traditionally, local midwives would __________ all the babies in the area.

  A. handle     B. produce     C. deliver     D. help

76. No food or drink is allowed on the premises. The underlined part means __________.

  A. proposition    B. advertisement    C. building    D. string

77. The court would not accept his appeal unless __________ evidence is provided.

  A. conclusive    B. definite    C. eventual    D. concluding

78. As soon as he opened the door, a __________ of cold air swept through the house.

  A. flow     B. movement     C. rush     D. blast

79. She really wanted to say something at the meeting, but eventually __________ from it.

  A. prevented    B. refrained    C. limited    D. restricted

80. The couple told the decorator that they wanted their bedroom gaily painted. The underlined part means __________.

  A. brightly    B. light-heartedly    C. cheerfully    D. lightly

完形填空原文

Everyone knows that taxation is necessary in a modern state: Without it, it would not be possible to pay the soldiers and policemen who protect us;northe workers in government offices who look afterour health, our food, our water, and all the other things that we cannot do for ourselves;nor the ministers and members of parliament(国会) who govern the country for us. By means of taxation, we pay for things that we need just as much aswe need somewhere to live and something to eat.

Buteveryone knows that taxation is necessary, different people have different ideas about howtaxation should be arranged. Should each person have to pay a certain amount of money to the government each year? Or should there be tax on things that people buy and sell? If the first kind of taxation is used, should everyone pay the same tax, whether he is rich or poor? If the second kind of tax is preferred, should everything be taxed equally?

In most countries, a direct tax on persons, which is called income tax, exists. It is arranged in such a way that the poorest people pay nothing, and the percentage of tax grows greater as the taxpayer’s income grows. In England, for example, the tax on the richest people goes upas high as ninety-five percent!

But countries with direct taxation nearly always have indirect taxation too. Many things imported into the country have to pay taxes or "duties". Of course, it is the men and women who buy these imported things in the shops who really have to pay the duties, in the form of higher prices. In some countries, too, there is a tax on things sold in the shops. If the most necessary things are taxed, a lot of money is collected, but the poor people suffer most. If unnecessary things like jewels and fur coats are taxed, less money is got but the tax is fairer, as the rich pay it.

Probably this last kind of indirect tax, together with a direct tax on incomes which is low for the poor and high for the rich, is the best arrangem

写作部分

SECTION A COMPOSITION

Most of us, as students, are careful with our money in daily life: we collect all kinds of coupons(优惠券); we look for group-buy deals if we eat out or travel; we don't buy clothes unless in a sale. However, some people think that all this may not make us smart consumers. What is your opinion?

Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a composition of about 200 words.

You are to write in three parts.

In the first part, state specifically what your view is.

In the second part, provide one or two reasons or your experience(s) to support your opinion.

In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.

You should supply an appropriate tittle for your composition.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

SECTION B NOTE-WRITING

Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a note of about 50—60 words based on the following situation:

Your former high-school classmate(Mathew or Grace) is coming to visit you in the dorm. But, you have got something urgent to do and thus cannot wait for him/her there. Leave a note on the door, expressing your apology and telling him/her how to find you. You must make clear where you are in the note.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.

 

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