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MTI翻硕:精、气、神,张培基散文
文章来源:高斋CATTI 发布时间:2020-11-10 16:01 作者:admin 点击:

今天公众号“高斋翻硕”给大家分享张培基译《话说短文》节选的单词解析。

原文

也许是我的精、气、神都不足吧,不但自己写不出长的东西,人读一本刊物时,也总是先挑短的看,不论是小说、散文或是其他的文学形式,最后才看长的。我们伟大的祖国,是有写短文的文学传统的。那部包括上下数千年的《古文观止》,“上起东周,下迄明末,共选辑文章220篇”有几篇是长的?如杜牧的《阿房宫赋》,韩愈的《祭十二郎文》等等,哪一篇不是短而充满了真情实感?今人的巴金的《随感录》,不也是一个实例吗?

张培基译文

Perhaps due to my failing energies, not only have I refrained from writing anything long, but also, in reading a magazine, for example, I usually finish its shorter pieces of writing first, be they fiction, prose or any other forms of literature, before going on to the longer ones. Our great motherland is known for its literary tradition of short essays. Do you find anything unduly long in A Treasury of Best Ancient Chinese Prose with its 220 essays selected from a period of several thousand years in ancient China from the Eastern Zhou Dynasty down until the end of the Ming Dynasty? Aren’t the essays in it, like Du Mu’s Rhapsody on Epang Palace and Han Yu’s An Elegiac Address to My Nephew Shi’erlang, all short and yet full of true feelings? Isn’t A Collection of Random Thoughts by Ba Jin, our contemporary, another like example ofpithy writing?

单词解析

第一句:也许是我的精、气、神都不足吧,不但自己写不出长的东西,人读一本刊物时,也总是先挑短的看,不论是小说、散文或是其他的文学形式,最后才看长的。

Perhaps due to my failing energies, not only have I refrained from writing anything long, but also, in reading a magazine, for example, I usually finish its shorter pieces of writing first, be they fiction, prose or any other forms of literature, before going on to the longer ones.

1. due to 由于,应付,表示原因时一般常常说的是不好的原因,如柯林斯词典例句:

The crash was due to pilot error.

飞机失事是由驾驶员的失误造成的。

2. Failing [ˈfeɪlɪŋ] 失败;失败的;不及格;弱点;衰退,不足,如柯林斯词典例句:

An apparently failing memory is damaging for a national leader.

明显的记忆力衰退对一个国家领导人来说极为不利。

3. Fiction [ˈfɪkʃn] n. 小说;虚构的事;假想之物,如柯林斯词典例句:

The border between science fact and science fiction gets a bit fuzzy.

科学事实和科幻小说之间的界限变得有点儿模糊了。

4. Prose [proʊz] 散文;现代诗歌;散文集,如柯林斯词典例句:

He discoursed for several hours on French and English prose.

他花了几个小时讲述法国和英国的散文。

第二、三句:我们伟大的祖国,是有写短文的文学传统的。那部包括上下数千年的《古文观止》,“上起东周,下迄明末,共选辑文章220篇”有几篇是长的?

Our great motherland is known for its literary tradition of short essays. Do you find anything unduly long in A Treasury of Best Ancient Chinese Prose with its 220 essays selected from a period of several thousand years in ancient China from the Eastern Zhou Dynasty down until the end of the Ming Dynasty?

1. be known for 因...而著名,如柯林斯词典例句:

The French are known for their love of their language.

法国人热爱自己的语言是出了名的。

2. Unduly [ˌʌnˈduːli] 过度地;过分地;过度;不适当地,如柯林斯词典例句:

He appealed to firms not to increase their prices unduly.

他呼吁企业不要过度提高价格。

3. 《古文观止》A Treasury of Best Ancient Chinese Prose

4. 上下数千年 a period of several thousand years in ancient China

5. 上起东周,下迄明末from the Eastern Zhou Dynasty down until the end of the Ming Dynasty

第四、五句:如杜牧的《阿房宫赋》,韩愈的《祭十二郎文》等等,哪一篇不是短而充满了真情实感?今人的巴金的《随感录》,不也是一个实例吗?

Aren’t the essays in it, like Du Mu’s Rhapsody on Epang Palace and Han Yu’s An Elegiac Address to My Nephew Shi’erlang, all short and yet full of true feelings? Isn’t A Collection of Random Thoughts by Ba Jin, our contemporary, another like example of pithy writing?

1. Rhapsody [ˈræpsədi] 狂想曲乐队;狂想曲公司;幻想曲,(言语或文字的)狂热表达,充满欣喜的表达,杜牧的《阿房宫赋》Du Mu’s Rhapsody on Epang。

2. Elegiac [ˌelɪˈdʒaɪək] adj. 挽歌的;哀悼的;伤感的。韩愈的《祭十二郎文》Han Yu’s An Elegiac Address to My Nephew Shi’erlang。

3. Random [ˈrændəm] adj. 随机的,随意的(非事先决定或不规则),巴金的《随感录》A Collection of Random Thoughts by Ba Jin。

4. Pithy [ˈpɪθi] 言简意赅的;简练的,如柯林斯词典例句:

His pithy advice to young painters was “Above all, keep your colours fresh.”

他对年轻画家言简意赅的建议是,“首要的一点,保持色彩鲜艳。”

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