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考研英语外刊:社交媒体成瘾应被视为一种疾病
文章来源:官方文章 发布时间:2019-08-01 16:37 作者:官方文章 点击:

考研英语外刊:社交媒体成瘾应被视为一种疾病

The World Health Organization has already proposed including gaming disorder in the next revision of its International Classification of Diseases manual, categorising it as a mental illness in which increasing priority is “given to gaming over other activities to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other interests and daily activities”.

For an individual to be diagnosed as having gaming disorder the WHO suggests an individual should have shown significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, or work lives due to computer games for at least 12 months. The MPs suggest a similar definition could apply to individuals who struggle with excessive social media use, if research found this was justified.

单词笔记:

1. disorder    英 [dɪsˈɔːdə(r)]   美 [dɪsˈɔːrdər]  

n.杂乱;混乱;凌乱;骚乱;动乱;失调;紊乱;不适;疾病

复数: disorders

2. categorise    vt. 把……归类,把……列作

3. priority    英 [praɪˈɒrəti]   美 [praɪˈɔːrəti]  

n.优先事项;最重要的事;首要事情;优先;优先权;重点;(车辆的)优先通行权

复数: priorities

4. precedence    英 [ˈpresɪdəns]   美 [ˈpresɪdəns]  

n.优先;优先权

5. diagnose    英 [ˈdaɪəɡnəʊz]   美 [ˌdaɪəɡˈnoʊs]  

v.诊断(疾病);判断(问题的原因)

第三人称单数: diagnoses 现在分词: diagnosing 过去式: diagnosed 过去分词: diagnosed

6. impairment    英 [ɪmˈpeəmənt]   美 [ɪmˈpermənt]  

n.(身体或智力方面的)缺陷,障碍,损伤;某种缺陷

复数: impairments

7. definition    英 [ˌdefɪˈnɪʃn]   美 [ˌdefɪˈnɪʃn]  

n.(尤指词典里的词或短语的)释义,解释;定义;清晰度

复数: definitions

8. justify    英 [ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ]   美 [ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ]  

v.证明……正确(或正当、有理);对…作出解释;为…辩解(或辩护);调整使全行排满;使每行排齐;使齐行

第三人称单数: justifies 现在分词: justifying 过去式: justified 过去分词: justified

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