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2021年6月CATTI三级笔译实务真题原文出处
文章来源:未知 发布时间:2021-06-24 17:25 作者:admin 点击:

今天我给大家整理了CATTI真题和出处,大家可以把这些网站收藏下,以后可以多看上面的文章哦。参考译文以后有机会了再更,或者课程中讲吧。

注:真题皆为回忆版本,考试在原文基础上有部分删减或改动,转载请注明出自——公众号:高斋CATTI

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(完整版,附原文出处)2021年6月CATTI三级笔译实务真题
 

英译汉

 

回忆版本:

注意:Emotional eating翻译为暴饮暴食,也可以说情绪性暴食。

这篇真题原文几个公众号分享的原文错误很多,我找到了原文出处,发这里了:

https://www.mid-day.com/amp/lifestyle/health-and-fitness/article/emotional-eating-understanding-way-we-eat-why-cannot-follow-diets-23077276

Are you having difficulty following diets? Our lives are way more complex than one which allows us to stick to a monotonous restrictive diet. Food-Psychologist and Mind-Body Eating Coach, Ridhi Golechha (里迪•格莱查) said, “If all of us could follow diets, we’d all have reached our goals. Real-life stresses such as lockdown-anxiety, relationship conflicts, workload, financial stresses, exasperating parenting, teenage drama, and so much more directly impact how we feel and by virtue, what we eat. If on paper diets were so easy to follow, then we’d all be part of that tiny ten percent of people in the world (athletes, models, or actresses) – who are permanently fit.”

We all know of those rough days when all we want is to drown our faces in a tub of ice cream or reach out for that melting chocolate cake. “Emotional eating is nothing but eating our emotions. We’re all human- with emotions and hunger. By that definition, all of us are emotional eaters. We turn to food when we’re overwhelmed with anger, sadness, frustration, or any other significant emotion,” explained Ridhi.  

There's a reason why the butterfly comes back to suck sweet nectar from the flowers, in turn pollinating the rest of the garden. Humans much like animals, birds, and insects are hardwired for pleasure. But here's the catch- we humans are afraid of receiving pleasure. Many fear that If they allow themselves to eat a slice of cheesy pizza (and also enjoy it), they’ll be overwhelmed with pleasure, lose control, and end up finishing the whole pizza. We fear this would result in a failed diet, weight gain, and massive guilt, so we avoid it altogether. But, it doesn’t work.

“Biology suggests otherwise. Like every other species, homo-sapiens were also built for survival. Non-extinction and strength (body fuel) are essential for our survival. It is pleasure that drives humans to repeat the feel-good behaviour endlessly,” explained Ridhi.

When does Emotional Eating become worrisome?“Largely, there’s nothing wrong with that. We do eat to manage and cope with our feelings, especially those that don't feel so good, because eating itself is so biologically rewarding.  It's completely okay if we’re doing it once in a while, because as I said- we’re all evolutionarily wired to emotional eating. However, if we’re constantly depending on food to swallow our difficult emotions and discomforts- leaving us with a feeling of guilt constantly at the end of it- then definitely, we need to work on it”, said Ridhi. 

What can we do to reduce Emotional Eating? According to Ridhi, the reason we fail our diets is that we try to fight biology and suppress our emotions, which only works temporarily. To make long-lasting changes, we must address the root causes of emotional eating. Although the best way to address it would be to understand your patterns and emotional eating journey through mind-body eating coaching, here are a few easy tips to get you started:

First, don't skip meals.Starving often confuses your biological hunger drives and makes you more vulnerable to eat your emotions. Second, understand the difference between actual physical hunger versus emotional hunger. Third, make a list of the top three emotions you feel weekly- and start finding different ways to cope with them. Fourth, talk to an expert.  It’s better not to ignore your emotional eating since it can later cause health issues like bloating, gas, acidity, constipation, etc. Fifth, go for a walk or do something completely different that will take away your urge by distracting you momentarily.

Emotional eating is a message that reveals a deeper problem. Understanding yourself and the way you eat via Mind-Body Nutrition can address the root causes and enable you to live a life that is beyond food obsessions and the fear of failing your diets.

 

汉译英

 

出处:

http://www.stats.gov.cn/ztjc/zthd/sjtjr/11kfr/rpzsk/202009/t20200912_1789147.html

2020年11月中国开始了第七次人口普查。人口普查将为开启全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程提供科学准确的统计信息支持。

开展第七次全国人口普查,是推动经济高质量发展的内在要求。当前,我国经济正处于转变发展方式、优化经济结构、转换增长动力的攻关期。及时查清人口总量、结构和分布这一基本国情,摸清人力资源结构信息,才能够更加准确地把握需求结构、城乡结构、区域结构、产业结构等状况,为推动经济高质量发展,建设现代化经济体系提供强有力的支持。

人口普查,是完善人口发展战略和政策体系,促进人口长期均衡发展的迫切需要。自2010年第六次全国人口普查以来,我国人口发展的内在动力和外部条件发生了显著改变,出现重要转折性变化,人口总规模增长惯性减弱,劳动年龄人口波动下降,老龄化程度不断加深。

人口普查,是摸清我国人口家底的重要手段。我国已进行过六次人口普查,世界各国也都定期开展人口普查。当前,中国特色社会主义进入新时代,及时开展人口普查,全面查清我国人口数量、结构、分布等方面的最新情况,既是制定和完善未来收入、消费、教育、就业、养老、医疗、社会保障等政策措施的基础,也为教育和医疗机构布局、儿童和老年人服务设施建设、工商业服务网点分布、城乡道路建设等提供决策依据。

人口普查工作从方案制定,物资准备、试点、人员培训、入户登记到数据处理等一切工作都离不开人,队伍建设非常重要。能否组织好人口普查队伍,能否做好普查人员的选调,直接影响到普查的工作质量和数据质量。

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