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文章来源:高斋翻译学堂 发布时间:2019-06-21 19:08 作者:高斋翻译学堂 点击:





China’s reform and opening up originated in rural areas with adjustment of the relationship between farmers and land. Before 1978, hundreds of millions of Chinese people were struggling to meet their basic daily needs. After 40 years of development, more than 700 million people in rural areas of China were lifted out of poverty. This not only laid a solid foundation for China to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects, but also made great contributions to poverty alleviation and development for all mankind.


In 1978, farmers from 18 households in Xiaogang Village of Fengyang County, Anhui Province took the lead in China’s rural reform. By breaking up the people’s commune system, removing many of the constraints of the planned economy and implementing the household responsibility system, farmers received contracted land they could freely decide what to grow, which greatly stimulated their enthusiasm for agricultural production.


Rural reform laid a solid foundation for the country’s development in the next stage. From 1978 to 1985, the profound reform of China’s rural economic system provided a strong impetus for unconventional economic growth and dramatic reduction of the poverty-stricken population. According the standards at that time, 50 percent of the rural population in poverty met their basic needs during this period. And even according to the poverty alleviation standards updated in 2011, more than 100 million rural people were lifted out of poverty during the period. The rural poor population reduced from 125m to 80m through development-oriented poverty relief efforts in a period of eight years from 1986 to 1993.





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